OUR HOUSES HAVE THE ADVANTAGE OF QUALITY LIVING SPACE
Snopje house made of natural materials is a one of a kind concept, a result of natural processes dynamics, respecting the relationship between man and nature, nurturing the responsibility for future generations.
Construction physics-wise, our houses are low-energy consuming, i.e., passive houses, while their main greatness lies in the comfortability of living that they provide.
The best possible combination of accumulation and insulation provides balanced fluctuation of house warmth and humidity.
Our house's construction method and living circumstances bring us closer to ourselves, to our roots and allow us to truly relax and enjoy life in true sense of the word.
It is about the luxury of living and low maintenance costs at acceptable prices, allowing you to simply be and live the way you want to!
At Snopje, we build sections of walls or panels, as we call them, in our workshop and deliver them to your plot of land partly or fully finished and install them to the existing prepared foundation.
Walls are self-standing, constructed from glued timber 44 cm in width, which forms the panel’s top and bottom spar flange, stacking in between golden yellow straw bales from the fields of Pomurje.
Each bale is separately compressed into a wooden frame, forming a uniformly compressed, straight wall surface to which we then apply clay and/or limestone plaster. Workshop manufacture of walls allows considerably better compressing of bales, highly relevant for fire safety. Our method of bales compression prevents oxygen accessing the straw, which means the wall is poorly flammable, similar to a phonebook. European certificate of 90 minute non-combustible class plaster is applied on both wall surfaces.
Walls are manufactured in controlled environment where bale humidity is monitored, a very relevant issue for straw bales.
To prepare for the delivery and installation, panels are protected with a breathable foil. All we need is a beautiful sunny day and the brim of one floor of your house is ready.
ROOF AND ROOF INSULATION
As a significant share of heat tends to be lost through the roof, the roof too needs to be well insulated. Roof panels are manufactured in our workshop following a similar method as the wall panels.
Roof panels are composed of 44cm thick cross-glued timber, which in the case of roof panel is a support element. From the indoor side, roof panels are closed with boards, with bales of straw compressed among support elements, which are then closed on the external side with waterproof wooden fibre boards or dry boards. Roof panels are mounted onto the existing brim with a mobile crane. Once on-site, an air bridge and tile roofing Tondach are installed onto the panels. For flat roofs, we install EPDM rubber, topped with extensive greening or fine gravel. Combinations with all classic types of roofing are also available.
CEILING AND PARTITION WALLS
After the ground floor brim has been constructed, we continue with the following step of installing a support construction and beam ceiling made with cross-glued timber.
The brim of the upstairs floor is installed in the second phase. Ceiling beams remain exposed, wooden floor above the beams also remains visible. Support construction of beam ceiling and the ceiling itself also forms the construction of partition walls. Boards are attached to both sides of the partition walls construction, and the space between filled with hemp Q-flex insulation.
Woven reeds are applied to the boards for better adhesion of the final layer clay plaster.
The loft roof has a half-circle shape, gracing the space with additional softness, and covered with superior class spruce boards.
FLOORS AND FLOOR INSULATIONS
Dry floor, i.e., batten grid 16 cm in height, which is insulated with hemp boards, is laid to cover the concrete base of the ground floor.
Floor in the living areas and the bathroom is sanded and three times oiled oak rustic floor. Oiled and waxed Terra cotta tiles are laid in the entrance area and daytime bathroom and tiles in the technical areas.
On the first floor, the flooring is composed of 5 cm thick dry wood beams covered with vintage clay tiles, mainly functioning as sound insulation. Tiles are then covered with wood fibre walking panels, finally covered with sanded and three times oiled rustic larch floor.
For Terra Cotta clay tiles and pavement, the dry floor structure is slightly modified. In the given case the height of dry floor grid is 13 cm. It is then covered with the 2 cm high eko-OSB board. The next layer is a 0,8 cm Fermacell board, which serves as a base for laying tiles and clay pavements.
External walls are first treated with special thermal limestone plaster by German manufacturer Gräfix (www.graefix.de), developed especially for application on walls made of straw bales.
The plaster is composed of lime, perlite and foamed glass, providing it with extreme lightness and additional heat insulation.
All corners of a Snopje house are smooth – rounded, which gives the house a certain softness and instant recognisability.
Edges of walls around windows and doors are also smoothed out.
Window shelves are made of stone.
Upon your request, the facade can be painted in the breathable paint of your choice 12 month after completion of the house.
For wooden facades, larch spacers are attached to the wall. The areas between the spacers are first covered with clay plaster for protection. Finishing larch laths are then attached to the spacers with stainless screws. We let the wood release its own protective layer and fade to grey in time.
Internal walls are covered with clay plasters by Austrian manufacturer (http://www.lehm.com/) in different thicknesses. Three layers of clay plaster are applied to the brim of the house in total mean thickness of 4 cm, straight to the straw bale. Clay plaster on the brim serves as a vapour barrier and prevents humidity from entering through the insulation.
With partition walls, clay plaster of 1,5 cm mean thickness is applied onto the woven reeds. The air in clay plastered rooms has constant freshness. In addition to regulating the air humidity in the room at the optimum 60%, clay plaster also removes unpleasant smells, minimises electromagnetic radiation and, being an excellent heat conductor, and generates the vital thermal mass of the house.
Upon request, clay plasters can be painted with clay or lime based paint, and decorated with ornaments in the shape of sun, butterflies, trees, etc.
DOORS AND WINDOWS
We are able to mount windows and doors by Slovenian manufacturers. Our recommended brand is Marles and their wooden larch windows manufactured from our designs and larch wood entrance door, oiled in a way to protect itself.
Inside doors are of solid spruce wood and can be painted in any desired colour. We recommend double glazing, for the reasons of conducting heat to the outside walls in winter time, thus encouraging passive heating of rooms.
Thoroughly elaborated architecture allows shading of windows in summer months and exposure to sunlight in winter. Inside window shelves are made of glued oak wood.
Electricity and water fittings are installed below the plaster, inside partition and external walls. Electric wiring is placed into non-inflammable tubes, which are protected with non-inflammable strips preventing any potential fire in electrical wiring from spreading to the walls. Water fittings are made from stainless RF tube to connect to all outlets. Water is heated with a Sonnekraft system: with electric heater in periods of long rainfall.
Water and electricity fittings include the installation of bathroom elements, lights and plugs (lights and bathroom elements are included in the price). The price also includes ceramic plugs and switches, automatic unplugging of plugs in rooms for sleeping (unless in use), TV and internet connection.
The fireplace is the heart of the house heating, built according to your wishes. Options include a true design masterpiece from clay or aesthetic and elegant fireplaces by renowned fireplace manufacturers. Clay electric panels by Lehmorange are installed for thermal conditioning and bedroom heating:
(http://www.lehmorange.de/shop_de.php?wpf_shops_products_id=2&wpf_shops_products_group=3), made from best possible combination of carbon film and clay plaster.
Panels do not cause electromagnetic radiation, are powered by DC current and regulated by the room thermostat, separately or centrally via time mode. Panels are plastered into the wall and therefore not visible – you will simply feel the pleasant warmth emitting from the wall, similar to heating from the sun.
BATHROOM AND TADELAKT
We pay great attention to bathrooms, as intimate areas in the house that require relaxed and comfortable atmosphere.
The bathroom floor is a triple oiled rustic wooden floor to repel water drops from penetrating. Clay plaster regulates the room humidity, preventing your mirror from steaming.
Particular attention is paid to the areas with water outlets, areas where special waterproof lime plaster of choice from Morocco is applied - Tadelakt, tile-gap free and requiring no special cleaning.